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Zucrow, Maurice J. (Maurice Joseph), 1899-1975



  • Existence: December 15, 1899 - June 5, 1975

Biographical Information

Maurice J. Zucrow was born in Kiev, Russia in 1899. His family came to the United States in 1912. He enrolled at Harvard University and received his bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering in 1922 and his master’s in 1923. Zucrow received Purdue University’s first Mechanical Engineering Ph.D. in 1928 with a thesis titled, "Discharge Characteristics of Submerged Jets."

After receiving his doctorate, Zucrow left Purdue in 1929 and acquired an outstanding reputation in industry, particularly in the areas of gas turbines and rocket propulsion. He played an important part in the research and development of the nation’s first gas turbine, built by the Elliott Company in 1942. During World War II, he also helped develop Aerojet Engineering Company’s JATO rocket, used by seaplanes to assist takeoff under adverse conditions. While working at Aerojet, Zucrow was asked to teach a course in jet propulsion theory to engineers in the aircraft industry. The course, part of the Engineering, Science, and Management War Training Program (ESMWT) was taught at the University of California, Los Angeles, 1943-1944.

In April 1946, Zucrow accepted Purdue’s offer to return to West Lafayette, and he immediately began forming a course in jet propulsion. The School of Mechanical Engineering proposed to hire Zucrow to take the lead in developing the jet propulsion field at Purdue. AS knowledge of jet-propelled engines was essential for Aeronautical Engineering graduates at the time, it was proposed that Professor Zucrow be a member of both the Mechanical Engineering and Aero facilities, and that jet propulsion education and research be a cooperative program between the two schools. The proposal was accepted by the administration.

In 1947 Professor Zucrow’s main efforts were devoted to developing the undergraduate and graduate courses in gas turbines and jet propulsion, and he prepared the initial sets of notes for these courses, with the exception of the laboratory course. In 1948 his groundbreaking text, Principles of Jet Propulsion and Gas Turbines, was published. The first textbook in the field, it extended Zucrow’s influence to engineering students throughout the world. By 1950 Zucrow and his associates from both the Aero and M.E. Schools had completed the first and second units of the rocket engine laboratory which was located near the west boundary of the Purdue Airport, and graduate study and research were well underway. Professor Zucrow continued to make many valuable contributions to the School of Aeronautics, until he decided to join the Purdue Mechanical Engineering faculty full time in 1953.

At the time of his retirement from Purdue University in 1966, Professor Zucrow was responsible for the education of many students who have contributed much to rocket propulsion technology.


Grandt, A.F.; Gustafson, W.A.; Cargnino, L.T. (1995). One small step: The history of aerospace engineering at Purdue University. Purdue University: West Lafayette, IN.

Norberg, John, ed. (2013). Full Steam Ahead: Purdue Mechanical Engineering Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press.

Found in 6 Collections and/or Records:

Charles M. Ehresman papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSF 490
Scope and Contents The Charles M. Ehresman papers document the work and professional activities of Charles M. Ehresman, designer of Purdue University's High Pressure Rocket Laboratory, associate professor of Mechanical Engineering, and operations manager of Purdue's Thermal Sciences and Propulsion Center (known today as Zucrow Laboratories). The collection also documents the design and construction of the High Pressure Rocket Laboratory and its early administration and operations, as well as materials pertaining...
Dates: 1897 - 2011; Other: Majority of material found within 1960 - 1972; Other: Majority of material found within 1997 - 2009

Alten F. Grandt, Jr. papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSF 528
Overview The Alten F. Grandt, Jr. papers contain documents gathered and research files created by Grandt during his work on the book, One Small Step: the history of Aerospace Engineering at Purdue, as well as some of Grandt's teaching and administrative papers.Included are research files on the history of aerospace engineering (AAE) at Purdue University, photographs, annual reports, annual research reports, curricula, student lists, pamphlets, news clippings. Also included are some of...
Dates: 1902 - 2016

Maurice J. Zucrow papers, addition 02

 Unprocessed — Multiple Containers
Identifier: 20180608

Purdue University Office of Publications Oral History Program collection

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSO 2
Scope and Contents The Purdue Office of Publications Oral History Program collection documents Purdue University history through oral history interviews with Purdue University professors and administrators. Types of materials include: printed material, cassette tapes, reel-to-reel tapes, compact discs, and digital materials. Interview topics include Purdue history and changes in administration and academic departments.
Dates: 1969 - 1989; Majority of material found within 1970 - 1972

Zucrow, Maurice J., June 5, 1970

 Sub-Series — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSO 2, Series 1, Sub-Series 50
Scope and Contents One oral history interview with Maurice J. Zucrow by Robert B. Eckles.
Dates: June 5, 1970

Maurice J. Zucrow papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: MSF 428
Scope and Contents The Maurice J. Zucrow papers document aspects of Zucrow's career in the areas of gas turbines and rocket propulsion. Included among the papers are his authored or co-authored reports, papers, books, and Purdue University Engineering Experiment Station bulletins. Many of the books include his annotations or copies Zucrow designated as "master copy," with extensive marginalia. Also included are some of the textbooks Zucrow used as a student, and other reference books he used in his career. There...
Dates: 1925 - 1965; Other: Majority of material found within circa 1940s - 1969